Noise measurements are made within a fraction of a single symbol period of a longest orthogonal code symbol. A control processor identifies an unoccupied code having a spreading factor that is less than a longest spreading factor for the system. A despreader measures symbol energy based on the unoccupied code and a noise estimator generates noise estimations based on the measured symbol energies. The subscriber station uses similar techniques in order to perform channel estimations within a period that is a fraction of a symbol period of a longest-spreading-factor code.


> Architecture for a digital subscriber line analog front end

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