According to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a signal transmission apparatus for a mobile communication system. In the signal transmission apparatus, a frame segmentation section segments an input frame into B.sub.k bit group, where k=1, . . . , K. A first group of encoders encodes B.sub.k bit group and outputs encoded symbols. A second group of encoders encodes other B.sub.k' bit group and output other encoded symbols. Each encoded symbol is encoded again to the transmit antennas using different functions. A transmission section includes a plurality of antennas in groups of a predetermined number of antennas, and the total number N of antennas is larger than the sum of the number of antenna groups. The transmission antennas transmit symbols encoded by one of the encoders.


> Method for fabricating an optical integrated circuit

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